Category Archives: photo impressionistic artists

Vanda Ralevska: Light in the Dark of the Forest

Guest post by Vanda Ralevska.

Over the years photography for me became much more than recording where I have been. Conveying the impression that the scene in front of me leaves on my mind became more important than a purely literal representation.

In my photographs I strive to capture the atmosphere and emotions that the surrounding world evokes in me, and hopefully pass on the feeling to the viewers. Photo impressionism is one of the techniques that allows to simplify the subject down to its essence, and reveal the sense that it creates. Similarly to when you glance at a scene without focusing on detail. The impression it leaves is that of colours, shapes and textures.

Therefore I dedicated a part of my work to experimenting with the intentional camera movement (ICM) and multiple exposure techniques commonly used in photo impressionism.

This image is a result of using these techniques. I was standing at the edge of a woodland, when I spotted the regular pattern created by the tree trunks, interspersed by the autumnal colours of the leaves on the forest floor. The colours were gradually merging into the darkness of the thick forest with no distracting highlights. A perfect combination of colours and shapes to paint with the camera.

Light In The Dark Of The Forest
Light In The Dark Of The Forest © Vanda Ralevska


I experimented with ICM, however I was not very happy with the results, which were simply streaks of colours.  I wanted to preserve a little bit of texture in the leaves and tree trunks. Therefore I decided to use the double exposure functionality of my camera. The first exposure was a straight image with f5.6 aperture, focused on the trees closest to the camera. For the second exposure I chose a smaller aperture f16 to increase the shutter speed and to be able to capture the camera movement.

I post-processed the image in Adobe Lightroom 5, where I increased the contrast and clarity. I used the radial tool to darken the edges. Then I brought the image into Adobe Photoshop CS6 to further enhance the contrast and colours using the curves and NikSoftware ColorPro plugin.

The result is just enough detail to portray a late autumnal day in a forest, but without all the distractions that our minds tend to dwell on when observing the real world.

Sunset Wave
Sunset Wave. © Vanda Ralevska

Editors Note:  This is the first image of Vanda’s to catch my attention. I found it on  Flickr where Vanda regularly exhibits her photo impressionistic vision. You can also find her on Facebook. Her website can be found at Vanda’s work is definately worth checking out. Thanks for sharing your technique.

An interview with Taylor Jorjorian – photographic surreal impressionism

Taylor Jorjorian

Taylor’s abstract photographs are unique and visually compelling. I find they  have a sense of movement and depth you don’t expect in the abstract. In fact the first time I saw them I paused, first drawn to the movement, then the colour and finally the suggestion of a deliberate photographic process.

“Yard Bunny, Moving” © Taylor Jorjorian – This is my personal favourite. I love the pallet and I find I am drawn deeper and deeper into the swirls.

“The first reaction I usually get when someone sees one of my prints is oh, that’s a picture of a painting.” – Nashville Arts Magazine

I first came across Taylor Jorjorian browsing the blogs on  Son to  fine art nature photographer (Byron Jorjorian), Taylor Jorjorian’s first aspiration was to be a commercial chef, but as he describes it,  photographing food was more satisfying than cooking it.  Creatively his journey has moved from painting, to commercial photography to fine art photography focussing on the abstract.

Taylor’s photographs are created using a process he calls the Liberum method; a technique he is not prepared to share except to say it is physical, not Photoshop based. Looking at his portfolio I think that is an important aspect to his creative process. Despite the fact the images have a painterly feel they also seem to lever the dimensionality we have come to expect in a photograph. He told Nashville Arts Magazine that:

“MASKING” © Taylor Jorjorian

“Wanting more control over my imagery I have developed a method for making photographs that allows me to escape the viewfinder and create deeply personal images from imagination and memory.  I call this my “Libuerm” method.  Liberum is a latin word meaning free and unrestricted.  This simple definition fully embodies what my work is all about.

They are actual photographs created with a camera, using purely photographic techniques. This is important, as I believe it gives my work a more organic feel while maintaining a sense of honesty and integrity. When you view one of my photographs, you know that you are seeing something that is real and was in front of the camera for a moment in time.” – Nashville Arts Magazine

Flores Theatro
“Bouquet Four Session One #1” © Taylor Jorjorian – While Taylor is focussed on Libuerm Method photographs I really love his soft focus impressionist images.

Reading Taylor’s blog you immediately understand that his approach to photography is thoughtful and deliberate. Despite the appearance of spontaneity his photographs are created; not found.

Taylor recently agreed to share some of his thinking with me.

Interview with Taylor Jorjorian:

“Memoir Number 26″, © Taylor Jorjorian – from the collection “Memoirs from the Plunge” a spectacular collection of black and white abstracts.

Thanks for finding time to discuss photography with me.

SD: I was interested to read in Nashville Magazine that your father was a fine art nature photographer and that you started as a commercial photographer. However I don’t see any artifacts from those roots in your abstract images. Was your journey from straight photography to abstract photography a eureka moment or a journey?  

TJ: I have always been attracted to the abstract, both in my own work and the work of others.  Before I ever picked up a camera I experimented with other mediums and always tended to portray subjects in an obscure manner.  When I did finally take up photography (which was a eureka moment itself, taking place in single night) the desire to create abstract work naturally carried over.

Flores Theatro
“Bouquet Five Session One #5” © Taylor Jorjorian

Professionally I was a commercial photographer and mainly did advertising work for restaurants.  I really didn’t have any connection with this work and found it non stimulating.  In my spare time I experimented with abstract photography using some common methods but found this as equally non stimulating.  As much as I as I loved the unique abilities of the camera I found myself feeling creatively constrained by it, unable to fully express myself.  

Earlier in life when painting I enjoyed the feeling of being able to convey onto canvas anything I wanted without restriction.  I wanted that same freedom photographically.  To achieve this I decided to focus on creating and controlling the subject that was projected to camera.  Thus turning the camera into a sort of high tech blank canvas.  This was a eureka moment but it was definitely a journey to get it right.  Once I felt I had developed a solid working method I dropped commercial photography all together and decided to only focus on fine art work.

“Number 3 Of Spring” © Taylor Jorjorian – Taylor writes: “Photo created using the “Liberum” method, which is based on the philosophy that one can make photographs with the same artistic freedom that a painter or sculptor has by focusing more on creating what is in front of the camera”

SD: Do you think your  work falls into an already established genre like abstract impressionism or abstract expressionism or is this something new? Is there a label you use to describe it?

TJ: Visually my photographs could fall into a number of existing genres.  Early on I studied many of these trying to find a fit for my imagery but none of them truly encompassed my work in its entirety.  After dissecting my work visually and technically I decided to classify it as “Photographic Surreal Impressionism”.  This classification signifies that the images are created with a camera and conveys a personal interpretation of a subject in the same dreamlike way it is mentally imagined.

I also gave a title to the process used to create the work, “The Liberum Method”.  Based on the philosophy of subject creation rather than subject documentation this method is all about manifesting what is portrayed to the camera.  Liberum is Latin word meaning free and unrestricted.  This simple definition truly represents what my work is all about.

“Mildred On The Phone Talking About The Weather” © Taylor Jorjorian
SD: While your vision is very different from many exploring the edges of contemporary photography it looks like you have been struggling with a couple of universal themes. For example your blog post “Portfolio Rejection” underscores the debate “what is a photograph”. I am wondering what you believe photography brings to your abstract images?


“Red Slightly Balanced” © Taylor Jorjorian – Taylor writes:”I have had a really hard time with this photo. I have keep it to myself for almost a year. On the one hand I don’t care for the composure I used on it, on the other I am drawn to it’s “awkwardness.”

TJ:  Without photography my body of work could not exist.  The camera has the unique ability to capture and portray a moment in time precisely the way it was.  No other artistic medium can truly do this with the same sense of honesty that photography can.  Using the camera allows me to convey this sense of moment through my imagery.  When you are viewing one of my photographs you know that you are viewing something that was real and existed for a moment in time.  This helps to convey a sense of honesty and provides a more organic feel to the work.  that would not be possible without the element of integrity that a camera can offer.

SD: The debate around truth in photography has been with us for a long time. Even Ansel Adams suggests a subjective element in straight photography when he said “A great photograph is one that fully expresses what one feels, in the deepest sense, about what is being photographed.” You added to that debate with  a thoughtful essay on the subject titled The Photography Lie in  which you suggest the pendulum has gone too far; that digital art should be separated from photography. What was the reaction to your ideas in that essay. Do you think the debate matters to the public or is it only relevant to photographers?
“THIS IS A PHOTOGRAPH” © Taylor Jorjorian – The rejection slip read “”Taylor, this is a PHOTOGRAPHY magazine, that means we publish photography and relevant issues. Perhaps you should send your illustrations to a more fitting venue. Do more research before submitting your work and avoid wasting everybody’s time.” Taylor’s reaction is a great read.

TJ:  It was overwhelming. I would be lying if said I didn’t know this would be hot issue but I did not expect the volume of responses I received.  My inbox was filled with responses.  As you might expect I received a good bit of harsh criticism, some of which was very “colorfully” worded.  On the other hand I found many like minded artists in my corner.  The majority seemed to agree that there was a difference in what we have traditionally called photography and digital-art that should be better defined.

I actually believe this debate is more relevant to the public than the artists creating the work.  The photographer produces the image but the viewer is subjected to it.  One example of this is the effect that over processed fashion/glamour images have on the audience.  How many people, especially young persons, have made themselves sick both mentally and physically trying to look like the models in these “photographs”?  When in reality these images have been so heavily edited that they are more like paintings rather than photographs.

SD: Another aspect of the impact of technology on contemporary photography is the rise of the web followed by the rise of social media. I know your interest is in fine art prints. What has your experience been with the internet?
“Tracey did I lock the door? Are you sure?” © Taylor Jorjorian – Taylor’s personal favourite.

TJ:  I am/have always been a bricks and mortar type of guy.  Most of my efforts have been in trying to get my work shown in either physical form or in print.  While I have always understood the importance of a personal website I was a nonbeliever in the power of social media and neglected the use of it in the early stages of my career.  This was a mistake. 

After eventually being persuaded that I should have some kind of social presence I realized how wrong I had been.  In the two years since I started a blog and became active on various social media sites I have been awakened to there power.  Solely through these online tools I have had multiple opportunities including write ups, magazine features, exhibitions, meeting some great people and even the chance to do this interview.  Many times these have lead directly or indirectly to relationships with new collectors.   Had I not has a social presence these opportunities would have never presented themselves.

All that being said I am still a brick and mortar type guy.  I don’t think an image posted on a webpage can ever be as compelling as seeing the physical piece in person.  

SD: Which image is your personal favourite and why?

TJ:  It seems like every time I finish a successful shoot I come away with a new favorite.  If I had to name one that stands out to me it would be, “Tracey Did I Lock The Door, Are You Sure?”.  Completed in 2009 this photograph represents one of the first times that my philosophy towards image making and my experimental techniques truly came together harmoniously.  At the time this image vindicated, for me personally, the direction I was taking creatively.

Photographic Surreal Impressionism
“Showtime, Give Them One To Remember” © Taylor Jorjorian
SD: Last thing I want to ask you about is an interesting theme I see in your writing and that is the role of ethics in photography. Why is that important to you when your genre is not tied to journalism?

TJ: The term photography implies a process that is fundamentally understood by most people.  The loose application of that term is misleading to the viewer and breeds a mistrust towards the photographic medium.  I am not suggesting that a photograph itself need be honest or anything like that.  Only that the photographer/artist be so regarding their creative process.  

SD: Thanks for that. This is an exciting time for impressionist photography and I am looking forward to seeing where you take your vision.

You can learn more about Taylor Jojorian’s photographs on his webstite at, his blog an intersting piece in Nashville Arts Magazine and Lenswork Magazine Vol 102.

words where not quoted © stephen d’agostino

images © taylor jorjorian

Matt Molloy: stacking time

I really can’t get enough of Matt Molloy’s time stacked impressionistic images. Big blocks of colour and form with clouds reminiscent of  Canadian impressionist painters Lawren Harris (The Old Stump) and Emily Carr (Above the Gravel Pit). And that is appropriate given Molloy’s roots in small town Ontario.

“My time stack photos are much like a modern version of impressionism. By combining multiple photos into one image, it shows how light and other elements change over time. This gives a unique sense of movement in an otherwise still image.”

Power Plant - a great example of photo impressionism
Power Plant by Matt Molloy: 263 photos merged into one image. “I wish I had set up a little earlier, so the lines made by the clouds went all the way to the horizon. I still like the way it turned out, I just hope the ice is sturdy enough for me to try this again.”

According to Molloy’s biography his artistic pursuits are multidisciplinary; music, painting, drawing and experimental time-lapse photography. I think you can see the influence of the painter in his work .

I really his Power Plant (above). The blocks of colour remind me of the northern lights and that contrast against the silhouette of the power plant with a hint of snow and ice is striking. If you look at the cloud blocks close to the horizon the colour is rich with nice smooth shapes drawing your eye and as your eye travels up the staccato effect trails off to the edge.

Cloud Chaos Cropped - photo impressionistic treatment of moving clouds.
Cloud Chaos Cropped by Matt Molloy. “Another photo stack, made from a daytime timelapse of clouds passing over Lake Ontario. Check out the video… My latest timelapse creation…”

This is my personal favourite in his current portfolio. In two dimensions Molloy  has been able to capture a moment in time we have all experienced; boiling clouds before a summer storm.

There is real drama close to the horizon. Again this in this image our eye moves to the top edge where the clouds start to lose their form as they bleed off the page.

Sky Sculptures - another great example of photo impressionism
Sky Sculptures by Matt Molloy. “This is an older timelapse. I’ve already done a photo stack with the photos, but this time I only used 75 of them. I like how some of the blue of the sky is still showing. In the other version it’s pretty much all clouds.”

Recently 500px featured a tutorial by Molloy describing this impressionistic technique.  Basically he uses the “lighten” opacity blend mode to emphasize the light elements while leaving the darker unmoving elements untouched. You can find the tutorial at . I am looking forward to trying it with some of my favourite subjects for photo impressionism.

“The exposure I’ve received through 500px has been great. I didn’t expect the “time stacking” tutorial to get so much feedback, but I’m glad it did. It’s brought me lots of new followers and likely got me some sales, so the hard work payed off.”

Twisted Sky - an example of photo impressionism
Twisted Sky by Matt Molloy. “90 photos merged into one image. I found this timelapse with some interesting cloud action while digging through old photos for my Tumblr page. It’s really neat to see the clouds move like that, I think it’s the only time I’ve captured it on “film” Check out the timelapse video!”

What I find more interesting than the technique is its origins. Almost every photo impressionist I follow had a eureka moment; an idea spawned from something unrelated that compelled  them to produce photo impressionistic images.

Molloy started his journey with time lapse time photography. The time tracking stacking technique has been used for years in astrophotography to produce star trails.

“Once I made a few star trail images, I wondered why I’ve never seen this technique used on daylight timelapses. I tried it and, after a little tweaking here and there, I was astounded by the resulting images! They are kind of like a super long exposure, showing a large chunk of time in a single image, which is very much like the Impressionist movement that some clever painters came up with around the year 1870.”

Its worth looking at the time lapse video Molloy produced to see the genius here. Time lapse compresses time into a few moments. Time stacking captures the moment by compressing time into a single frame. It’s an idea that I have struggled with for many years (see my artist’s statement for example).

Twenty Minute Sunset. a photo impressionistic sunset.
Twenty Minute Sunset by Matt Molloy. “313 photos merged into one image using the lighten layer-blending mode in photoshop. As the title implies, this was about 20 minutes of shooting. (at 4 second intervals) I was a little late shooting this timelapse, so it’s another one from my backyard. I’m lucky to live in such a photogenic area.”

I am always interested to know which images are an artist’s favourites. Molloy identified the following 3 and gave me his thoughts on why.

Sunset Spectrum
Sunset Spectrum by Matt Molloy “396 photos merged into one image using the lighten blending mode in photoshop. I think this one pretty much covers the colour spectrum of sunsets, lacking only the darker reds. I can’t get enough of this technique!”

Its hard not to fall in love with Sunset Spectrum; big colour, big sky, classic pastoral scene.  To me this one feels like a crossover between the best elements of an impressionist painting and a traditional one. The contrast in styles is great here as it is  in his other examples. Molloy told me that “Sunset Spectrum” is one of his favorite time stacks because “it has so many different colours in the sky. I think the barn and the field are a nice anchor for the image.”

Icy Sunset a photo impressionistic image by Matt Molloy
Icy Sunset “400 photos merged into one image using the lighten layer-blending mode in photoshop. Even though it was extremely cold and windy, it was worth going back here for a sunset timelapse. It was a good one! Luckily my tripod weight (a brick on a rope) kept my camera fairly steady, but it didn’t help with the water spraying into the air (from the waves crashing into the piles of ice) and onto my lens. The fact that I was shooting at f/11 didn’t help that either. (you can see a few spots near the center of the photo from water/ice on the lens catching the sunlight) Still happy with the way this turned out!”

Icy Sunset has some of the elements I like in Power Plant but here the jagged ice is a rough reflection of the staccato clouds above. for that reason I think it is a powerful image.

According to Molloy “Icy Sunset is one of my favorite time stacks because it shows clouds that were moving in different directions, but the thing I like most is the crazy foreground. Every year the ice breaks up and it often gets piled up along the shore, it’s always an amazing sight to see.”

Crocheting Clouds (below) is an explosion of colour.  In many ways it best captures my memories of late August twilight in Muskoka.  For a real treat let your eye wander through the reflections in the water.

“Crocheting the Clouds ” was selected by Molloy as a favorites “because of the rich colours of the clouds. It’s nice that they were reflected in the water too. I think the texture of the clouds is interesting and their paths seem to radiate from the big tree, which leads the eye nicely.”

Crocheting the Clouds a photo impressionistic image using time stacking
Crocheting the Clouds by Matt Molloy. “186 photos of the sunset merged into one image using the lighten layer-blending mode in photoshop. I like the pattern in the clouds created from the interval between shots.”

I think Molloy is an artist to watch.  My Modern Met interviewed Molloy last year and it is worth a read. You can see more of Molloy’s work of Flickr and 500px. He sells his work on Or you can follow him on Twitter.

Sky Streams and Floating Mountains - an example of photo impressionism
Sky Streams and Floating Mountains by Matt Molloy. “852 photos merged into one image using the lighten layer-blending mode. Two kinds of clouds moving and changing very differently.”


Hal Eastman: Photo Impressionist

Vol 6 of Photograph is out and features a great portfolio/article on Hal Eastman. You can buy  a copy at

Cover - Photograph Vol 6
Cover – Photograph Vol 6

Eastman’s portfolio focuses on slow shutter ICM images.   They are really quite ethereal; almost painterly. The portfolio alone is worth the $8 magazine price.

Natural Dance- Hal Eastman
Natural Dance- Hal Eastman

The portfolio is drawn from two recent collections. I prefer the “Natural Dance” images over his “Horse Rider” collection. The slow shutter adds to the mystery created by his use of natural locations. Because of the trees they have me thinking of Emily Carr although the subject matter is very different.

Eastman’s website is also worth a look. . He has a great collection called “Natural Rhythms” which is quite inspiring.

Natural Rhythms – Hal Eastman.

And don’t forget about the words. Eastman’s interview offers a glimpse into his process and creative ideology. Definitely worth a look.

Bob Crutcher: Photo Impressionist

Legs: One afternoon on Water Street. (ICM) by Bob Crutcher
Legs: One afternoon on Water Street. (ICM) by Bob Crutcher

I have been following Bob Cruthcher on Flicker for a couple of months now and enjoy his use of intentional camera movement (ICM) together with a slow shutter speeds to produce visually compelling images.

One of my goals this year is to feature the work of photographers who are experimenting with impressionistic technique.

I have been following Bob Cruthcher on Flicker for a couple of months now and enjoy his use of intentional camera movement (ICM) together with a slow shutter speeds to produce visually compelling images. Crutcher lives in St. John’s Newfoundland. Looking at his Flickr Photostream St. John’s is visually rich environment.

As one door closes... ICM. One afternoon on Water Street
As one door closes… ICM. One afternoon on Water Street by Bob Crutcher

Earlier this year Crutcher told me that “Legs” (the lead image above) was his favourite impressionistic photograph. It is a strong composition with lots of visual interest drawing the eye from left to right. I like the saturated colour and strong sense of motion. The exif data tells a lot about the technique. Shot using a Canon Rebel and a medium telephoto at 1/8th of a second, the camera appears to be moved slightly vertically during the exposure.

One afternoon on Water Street by Bob Crutcher
One afternoon on Water Street by Bob Crutcher

Vertical ICM isn’t new. Freeman Patterson, another east coaster, used it effectively in the mid 90’s to create trees with height and weight to rival an Emily Carr. But with a deft hand and a new point of view Crutcher has given the approach fresh look.

I also like the compositional range. Some images are tight crops; looking for the picture in the picture. Others are wide perspective like the one below. Nicely done Bob.

Winter fun by Bob Crutcher
Winter fun by Bob Crutcher